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Mahjong Tiles and Layouts



A normal set of Mahjong tiles will contain 136 or 144 tiles (could be more in sets from Japan).
The set is divided into several categories:

The Character tiles

In Chinese, numbers can be represented either by the numerals 1-9 or by Characters,
The below image shows the numbers 1-9 in Chinese characters.
Mahjong Character tiles
Chinese name : An image of Chinese characters(Wan Zi)
Meaning in English : Ten Thousand
Amount : 36 (4 sets of 9 tiles)
Ranked : Yes, 1-9


The Circle tiles

Mahjongg Circle tiles
Chinese name : An image of Chinese characters(Tong Zi)
Meaning in English : Cylinder
Amount : 36 (4 sets of 9 tiles)
Ranked : Yes, 1-9


The Bamboo tiles

Bamboo tile number one, often referred as "the Sparrow", it is different from the other tiles in order to make it hard to cheat by adding strokes to it (so it will appear like other tile).
Mahjong Bamboo tiles
Chinese name : An image of Chinese characters(Suo Zi)
Meaning in English : (Woven) Thread
Amount : 36 (4 sets of 9 tiles)
Ranked : Yes, 1-9


The Dragon tiles

The dragon tiles, shown in the below image from left to right: Red (Hong Zhong), Green (Qing Fa), White (Bai Ban).
Mahjong Dragon tiles
Chinese name : An image of Chinese characters(San Yuan Pai)
Meaning in English : Three head (main) tiles
Amount : 12 (4 sets of 3 tiles)
Ranked : no


The Wind tiles

The wind tiles, shown in the below image from left to right : East, South, West, North.
Mahjong Wind tiles
Chinese name : An image of Chinese characters(Feng Pai)
Meaning in English : Wind tiles
Amount : 16 (4 sets of 4 tiles)
Ranked : no


The Season tiles

The season tiles, shown in the below image, sometimes have Chinese characters that represent the Seasons, and (Like this image) sometimes have the 1-4 numbers in Chinese characters.
Mahjong Season tiles
Chinese name : An image of Chinese characters(Ji Pai)
Meaning in English : Season tiles
Amount : 8 (2 sets of 4 tiles)
Ranked : no


The Flower tiles

The flower tiles, shown in the below image from left to right: Plum, Orchid, chrysanthemum, Bamboo.
Mahjong Flower tiles
Chinese name : An image of Chinese characters(Hua Pai)
Meaning in English : Flower tiles
Amount : 8 (2 sets of 4 tiles)
Ranked : no


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